Depression Information and Tips

Depression Information and Tips

This document contains information and tips that will help you better understand and treat depression.

What Is Depression?

Depression is a mood disorder characterized by persistent feelings of sadness, hopelessness, irritability and/or a loss of interest and pleasure in activities an individual previously enjoyed.

In addition to low mood and increased irritability, individuals with depression may also experience:

  • Weight loss or gain
  • Significant changes in sleep patterns (e.g.,trouble sleeping, excessive sleeping)
  • Significant changes in appetite (e.g., eating too much, eating too little)
  • Loss of energy
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Feelings of worthlessness or guilt
  • Recurrent thoughts of death, suicide, or harming oneself

When To Seek Help

  • It is persistent. Symptoms have continued for at least two weeks.
  • It is affecting your relationships with loved ones
  • It is interfering with your ability to work
  • It is causing you to feel hopeless about the future
  • You are experiencing feelings of worthlessness and self-rejection
  • You have noticed a significant decrease in your level of tolerance for minor frustrations
  • You often turn to alcohol or substance use to cope with feelings of sadness and “numbness”
  • You are having thoughts of suicide or self-harm

Treating Depression

f you think you may be experiencing depression, seek help from a registered health professional (e.g., social worker, counsellor, psychologist, nurse, family doctor, psychiatrist).

If you are having immediate thoughts of suicide or self-harm, go directly to the Emergency Department of the nearest hospital or call 9-1-1.

The following have been found to help manage some symptoms of depression:

  • Regular exercise
  • Eating a balanced diet
  • Learning or maintaining healthy sleep habits
  • Spending quality time with loved ones
  • Spending time doing safe activities you enjoy

How Therapy Can Help

Therapy can help you:

  • Learn skills to cope with and manage symptoms
  • Identify and change negative thought patterns that may be affecting your current feelings and behaviours
  • Set realistic goals and regain a sense of hope about the future
  • Regain or develop a sense of self-acceptance
  • Identify and respond to events that may be contributing to your depression
  • Receive support and learn strategies from others who are also experiencing depression (Group Therapy)
  • Receive support in addressing issues in important relationships in your life (Couples Therapy, Family Therapy, Parent-Coaching)

More From Family Enrichment

Presented by Child and Adolescent Therapist, Nicoli Stiller, MSW RSW as a part of the City of Fredericton: Art of Living Facebook Live series.
Family Enrichment's 45th General Meeting took place in 2019. Find out how Family Enrichment team stays strong, even in difficult times.
With the help of United Way, we are now able to subsidize a portion of, or the full cost of phone and video counselling.
We want to continue to support our community through these difficult times, but in a way that is safe for everyone.
This document contains information and tips that will help you better understand and treat depression.
This document contains information and tips that will help you better understand parenting.